Saturday, 25 May 2013

If you have diabetes, read this

'It's strange how having a low blood sugar reaction to the medicine makes me feel worse than diabetes make me feel'- Lim, age 54
If you have diabetes and you feel sweaty, shaky, or weak, it may be from hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Don't ignore the symptoms of hypoglycemia

What is hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is also known as low blood sugar. It occurs when your blood sugar drops below normal levels. If your blood glucose level is below 4 mmol/L, you may experience:
  • Slurred speech
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Trembling
  • Weakness
  • Sleepiness
  • Hunger
  • Nervousness
  • Dizziness
  • Sweating
  • Light-Headedness
  • Mood swing
When causes low blood sugar?
Anti-diabetic medicines, exercise and not eating enough food can cause low blood sugar. Watch out for these symptoms when you first start a new anti diabetic medication or the dose of your medicine is increased.

What should you do if you experience low blood sugar?
  1. If you are a diabetic patient and experience any of the listed symptoms, measure your blood glucose if possible. If your blood glucose is below 4 mmol/L, take ONE of the following quick-fix foods:
      • 4 glucose tablets
      • Half cup of fruit juice 
      • Half cup of regular soft frink (not diet or sugar free type)
      • 6 pieces of hard candy
      • 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey
  2. Wait 15 minutes. Check your blood glucose again.
  3. If you feel better or if your blood sugar rises above 4mmol/L, have your scheduled meal as usual
  4. If your blood sugar is still below 4 mmol/L or if you do ot feel better, repeat step 1 and 2 until blood sugar rises above 4 mmol/L
  5. If symptoms persist, or if your blood sugar remains below 4 mmol/L, seek medical attention imediately
  6. Check with your doctor if you experience this several times a week.